Monday, 17 October 2016

What are Russia's radio-electronic warfare resources capable of?

Russia has successfully tested a new radio-electronic weapon. Russian military experts say that the new system serves to destroy airplane and drone onboard equipment, as well as electronics found in high-precision weapons.
Russia has successfully tested a radio-electronic weapon that has no rival in the world, Russian mass media sources have reported, citing representatives of the Rostec Corporation, the state-owned producer of industrial products.
For now the new weapon models are classified as "top secret" and only Russia's highest command has seen them, during private exhibitions at the Army 2016 and Army High-Tech 2016 International Military-Technical Forums.
The Rostec Corporation was able to only partially shed light on the new model's potential when asked for comment by RBTH. Leonid Khozin, the company's press secretary, said that the new weapon consists of electronic equipment that operates on a wavelength principle.
"It incapacitates electronics and other onboard equipment on enemy planes, drones and high-precision weapons. This is land equipment. At the same time it can withstand land, sea and air attacks," explained Khozin.
He remarked that the device "strikes" targets many kilometers away, but declined to provide further comments, citing state secrecy.
Which Russian forces use radio-electronic weapons?
In the words of military observer from the publication Mikhail Khodarenko, such systems are used in the radio-electronic warfare division and the possibility to remotely "switch off a missile" before its launch is one of the decisive factors for winning in modern warfare.
"Combat electronics is capable of winning the war before its ‘official’ beginning. It is enough to turn on the system that electronically suppresses the enemy's aiming, guiding, radar and communications systems and not one combat unit will move from where it stands. The unit will not be able to react to shelling and will thus be destroyed in the first minutes of battle," said Khodarenko.
In military circles, both in Russia and abroad, such forces are usually not talked about in public. In the army they are included in the communication subunits.
The reason is that it is necessary for them to carry out their functions in a way that is hidden from enemy eyes.
Russian radio-electronic warfare systems in the Syrian campaign
Radio-electronic warfare systems are used not only as an "attack" resource but also to make forces invisible to the enemy's missiles and planes during combat.
For example, Russia’s Ka-52 combat helicopters, which were first "baptized" in the skies over Syria, have been equipped with the Vitebsk and the President individual protection systems.
Combat use of the Ka-52 in Syria. Video by YouTube
"They cause interference for missiles with optical and infrared homing warheads, creating particular electronic ‘traps’ in the range of interference. They also inform the pilot of the approaching enemy missile. Depending on the type of warhead, they can turn it off from its trajectory as it's flying towards the target," said editor-in-chief of Arsenal Otechestva (Arsenal of the Fatherland) magazine Viktor Murakhovsky.
It is possible to illustrate the potential of the radio-electronic warfare systems installed in helicopters on similar radar systems used for protection from heat-seeking missiles.
In an incident in the suburbs of Aleppo recorded by fighters from the Authenticity and Development Front, a moderate opposition division supported by the U.S., they opened fire on a Syrian Russian-made Mi-17 military transportation helicopter using a Igla-1 anti-aircraft missile system, also made in Russia.
It can clearly be seen how the electronics reacted.
Militants fire unsuccessfully on an Mi-17 helicopter from an Igla missile system in Syria. Video by YouTube
Also, according to Murakhovsky, Krasukha-4 radio-electronic warfare systems have been deployed around Russia’s Khmeimim air base for incapacitating wiretapping and the enemy's weapon aiming systems. The Krasukha-4 "covers" all the enemy's locator systems and they can already see targets at a distance of 250 kilometers (155 miles).
"In Russia, radio-electronic warfare systems have always been very developed. Their main problem is the ‘elemental base.’ It is known that Russia cannot produce the best high-technology models because of international norms. But concerning radio-electronic warfare systems (super-high frequency, gallium arsenide and power components), Russia is doing very well," said Murakhovsky.
Experts believe that by 2020, 70 percent of Russia's radio-electronics warfare fleet will have been re-equipped with new models.
Original post: rbth

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Another system which are being fitted on Mi-8 is the Rychag electronic warfare system

Mil Mi-8MTPR-1 with Rychag EWS
Two_more_Mi_8MTPR1_helicopters_delivered_to_640_640_001KRET’s Rychag-AV jamming system fitted on Mi-8MTPR1 helicopter
The Russian Richag-AV is a groundbreaking radar and sonar jamming system developed by KRET and designed for integration on rotary-wing aircraft, ships and other military platforms such as airplanes and ground vehicles. This new system is the successor of the Smalta jamming system developed in the 1970s with an effective range of 100 kilometers. The Richag-AV is able to jam advanced sensor systems from distances of several hundred kilometers away. The jamming capabilities also may include other detection systems with the aim of defending aircraft, helicopter, drones, ground and naval forces. The system utilizes multi-beam antenna arrays with�DRFM (Digital Radio Frequency Memory) technology jamming any radiofrequency based weapon system. Richag-AV can be employed to carry out radar-based intelligence gathering finding foreign sources of electromagnetic radiation. An onboard database allows to quickly determine the type of targeted radar finding the most effective way of jamming. According to KRET the Richag-AV has no equivalent in the world. KRET delivered the first batch of three Mi-8MTPR1 helicopter-mounted Richag-AV to the Russian Armed Forces on March 4, 2015. The Russian Armed Forces will take delivery of 18 Mi-8MTPR1 systems by October 2016. Source

President-S Onboard defense system (ODS)

The President-S Onboard defense system (ODS) provides counter measures against ground to air rockets, and also rockets from mobile air defense systems. The system automatically detects rocket launching and activates the use of passive and active interference in the infra-red and radio frequencies, which disrupts the rocket’s targeting system and forces it to retarget erroneous targets.

The President-S system is constructed in the form of modules (stations) which can be located inside the fuselage and as external units on the military and civil helicopters and fixed wing aircraft.(

Наземный модуль радиоэлектронного подавления 1РЛ257Э Красуха-4 (1RL257E Krasukha-4)

МАКС-2015 – Комплексы ПВО, РЭБ, БПЛА и прочее (MAKS-2015 – Air defence, EW, UAV and other) | 
Vitaly V. Kuzmin
МАКС-2015 – Комплексы ПВО, РЭБ, БПЛА и прочее (MAKS-2015 – Air defence, EW, UAV and other) |
 Vitaly V. Kuzmin

The business end of the Krasukha-S4 mobile ground-to-air X-band jammer includes three large reflectors, each 
with its own robust feed system, and a mast-mounted set of horn-type receive antennas.
 Credit: Bill Sweetman/AW&ST

Russian Electronic Warfare Updates
A new and complementary jammer, the 1RL257E Krasukha-S4, is being delivered to the military this year, according to Kret. It is an X-band system designed for use against tactical airborne radars and AGS systems. Both Krasukha systems can operate independently, but are mainly intended to work as part of a multiplatform electronic attack force, with multiple, widely separated jammer locations used to increase the chances of jamming through a target’s main beam.

Actual picture from Syria of 1RL257E Krasukha-4