Monday, 24 June 2019

Russian Military to Commission Cutting Edge 'Sosna' Air Defence System - Source

Mikhail Zherdev

Russian Military to Commission Cutting Edge 'Sosna' Air Defence System - Source - Sputnik International

MOSCOW (Sputnik) - The Russian Defence Ministry will introduce the nation's newest anti-aircraft missile system "Sosna" into service, according to a source in the press service of the holding Vysokotochnye Kompleksy, part of the state corporation Rostec.

"Cross-branch tests of the Strela-10ML anti-aircraft missile system (called Sosna anti-aircraft missile system when made for export) were successfully completed in May 2019. The Russian Defence Ministry has decided to introduce the system into service. Machine delivery is planned for 2022", the source said.

The Sosna missile system was designed to protect troops from aircraft attacks and aerial reconnaissance.

This system is capable of operating at any time of the day or night and in conditions of reduced visibility. Targets can be identified both manually and in autonomous mode.

The system is armed with 12 Sosna-R anti-aircraft guided missiles that can hit targets at a distance of up to 6 miles and at an altitude of 3 miles.

A modernised version of the missile system will be presented at an upcoming edition of the Army Forum.

The 5th International Military-Technical Forum Army-2019 will be held from 25 June to 30 June at the Patriot Convention and Exhibition Centre, at the Kubinka air base just outside Moscow. Currently, 62 nations have confirmed their participation in the event.

The system was first presented at the 2018 edition of the annual Army International Military-Technical Forum.

Sosna tracked air defense system: Details

Saturday, 22 June 2019

New Zealand on course to receive first P-8A Poseidon in 2023

Royal New Zealand Air Force

New Zealand on course to receive first P-8A Poseidon in 2023

New Zealand Ministry of Defence has announced that it is on track to procure the first Boeing P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft from the US in April 2023.

In July last year, the New Zealand Government reached an NZD2.346bn ($1.6bn) deal to buy four P-8A Poseidon patrol aircraft.

P-8A Poseidon aircraft will enter service with the Royal New Zealand Air Force, replacing the existing P-3K2 Orion fleet. The Orion aircraft have been operational since the 1960s and are expected to reach the end of their operational life in 2025.

The country is procuring the P-8A aircraft to continue its airborne maritime surveillance, humanitarian aid, disaster response, and resource protection activities in the South Pacific region.

The total purchase price includes acquisition, training systems, infrastructure and service introduction costs.

According to a document released by the ministry detailing the project’s timeline, infrastructure works to facilitate the new patrol aircraft will begin in October.

Future instructor staff training will commence in Jacksonville in February, while aircrew transition personnel training is slated for the first quarter of 2022.

The P-8A fleet is likely to achieve final operational capability by 2025.

New Zealand Defence Minister Ron Mark said: “The P-8s are a once in a generation purchase, and will ensure that the airforce’s crucial maritime patrol capability is maintained for decades to come. The project is on schedule to replace the P-3K2 Orion fleet from 2023, and I am pleased to announce further details today, with the release of a project timeline.”

Furthermore, the government has approved an investment of NZD56.8m ($37.3m) for the Operational and Regulatory Aviation Compliance project. The programme aims to ensure military aircraft operate in compliance with civil and military air traffic management and identification systems.

The government is also working on a project to deliver an enhanced maritime awareness capability to improve maritime domain awareness. The project is underway and will support the P-8A programme.

Under this project, the ministry will consider the procurement of smaller manned aircraft, remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) or satellites.

These assets will be used to perform additional maritime surveillance tasks within the country’s exclusive economic zone and the wider region to free up the P-8s to fly more missions.

The government has released the Defence Capability Plan 2019 that envisages investments of NZD20bn ($13.15bn) in the defence force up to 2030.

Earlier this week, New Zealand selected Lockheed Martin’s C-130J-30 Super Hercules as the preferred option to replace its ageing Hercules fleet.

NZ to buy four Boeing P-8 aircraft in $1.6-B deal

AFV-420P mounted SARP automatic turret system RCWS - YouTube


รถเกราะ AFV-420P ติดระบบป้อมปืนอัตโนมัติ SARP RCWS ทดสอบยิงครั้งแรก - YouTube

SARP automatic turret system RCWS


HMV-150 / HMV-420 / AFV-420P Mosquito 4×4 APC: Details

Volga-Dnepr dismisses court’s An-124 seizure order as unlawful


The Volga-Dnepr group has dismissed a Ukrainian court’s order to seize five of its An-124-100 aircraft.

The Russia-headquartered airline group told Air Cargo News that it deems that the order of the Podolsky District Court of Kiev related to a ban on the use and operation of five An-124-100 civil aircraft of Volga-Dnepr Airlines as unlawful.

“Volga-Dnepr Group believes that the court order is fundamentally unsubstantiated so are the chances to enforce it in the foreign jurisdictions,” the company said.

“Volga Dnepr Airlines is fully authorised by the Russian aviation authorities for international flights without any restrictions. It complies with all international regulations governing civil aviation.

“All necessary actions will be taken to object the said order as well as to draw public attention, together with the attention of the international governmental institutions, to the current situation.”

The move comes after Ukraine-based law firm Ilyashev & Partners claimed that the Podilskyi District Court of Kiev had ordered the arrest and prohibited the operation of the aircraft on the grounds that maintenance checks have not been completed by an authorised entity.

The law firm also stated that third parties (airports, aviation authorities) are prohibited from carrying out any actions aimed at landing/take-off (arrival/departure) of the aircraft.

However, it is understood this is not legally binding.

The law firm said that checks had been carried out on the aircraft by Volga-Dnepr’s AMTES, but without the required participation of Antonov.

“According to SE Antonov, the investigations and the court, the admission of An-124 aircraft to further operation violates the provisions of the ICAO Convention on International Civil Aviation and Airworthiness Manual,” said Senior Partner of Ilyashev & Partners International Law Firm Roman Marchenko.

“The arrest of property is allowed to ensure the safe-keeping and integrity of physical evidence and compensation for damages caused by the criminal offence.”

The court order is related to RA-82068, RA-82078, RA-82045, RA-82046 and RA-82077.

Despite the order, two of the aircraft have continued to fly over recent days. RA-82077 has over the last few days called at Milan Malpensa, Denver, Columbus, Seattle and Mountain View, while RA-82046 has called Tunis, Stavanger, Novosibirsk and Johor Bahru.

In 2016, Antonov had threatened to apply for a ban on Volga-Dnepr flying the aircraft if it sought to move support functions for the aircraft out of Ukraine.

Given the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine, this left Volga-Dnepr in a difficult position.

The two companies later that year decided to end a joint venture business that offered capacity on their combined fleet of An-124s.

An-124 Ruslan (Condor): Details

PARIS: Norway’s Boeing P-8 buy delivers Nammo ramjet shell deal

U.S. Army photo

PARIS: Norway’s Boeing P-8 buy delivers Nammo ramjet shell deal

Boeing has signed an agreement to help Nammo further develop ramjet-powered artillery shells.

The development deal is the result of an offset agreement with the Norwegian government related to the acquisition of five P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft by the Royal Norwegian Air Force in 2017.

Maria Laine, vice-president of international strategic partnerships for Boeing Defense, Space & Security, and Stein Erik Nodeland, executive vice-president of aerospace propulsion at Nammo, signed the "strategic agreement" at the show on 19 June.

Ramjet artillery work will be performed by Nammo's development team in Raufoss, Norway and by Boeing's Phantom Works advanced research division in St. Charles, Missouri. The total terms of the offset deal were not disclosed, although it is understood to have a 25-year duration.

Nammo expects to offer its ramjet-powered artillery shells to the international market by 2024. The country sees demand for the long-range precision weapons from the USA and its allies – in particular, the US Army, which has set deep-penetration artillery as one of its top six priorities in the light of longer range Russian weapons.

Nammo aims to add a solid fuel ramjet to a 155mm artillery shell, a modification it believes could propel the munition up to 62m (100km).

155 mm Nammo ammunition: Details

Thursday, 20 June 2019

NATO to replace its E-3A by new E-7 AWACS surveillance aircraft

The growing Lockheed mystery: Why is US in a rush to push F-21 to India?

Lockheed Martin

The growing Lockheed mystery: Why is US in a rush to push F-21 to India?

The F-21 seems to be an offshoot of the single-engine F-16 multi-role fighter.

More than 50 years ago, the then Soviet Union gave the latest MiG-21 fighter to a beleaguered Indian Air Force. Two decades later, in the early 1980s, the United States gave a “state-of-the-art” latest General Dynamics-manufactured multi-role F-16 fighter to Pakistan despite Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's objections. However, it all began earlier, when both US President Richard Nixon and his aide Henry Kissinger hated the Indian Prime Minister's guts which were amply demonstrated to the world in the December 1971 Bangladesh war. Not surprisingly, the US supplied the best of its fighters to Pakistan and snubbed India.

India faced several crises since 1947 but the striking feature of these is that New Delhi weathered all of them without ever using American fighters till date. India only used British (De Havilland Vampire, Hawker Hunter, English Electric Canberra), French (Ouragon aka Toofani, Mystere, Mirage-2000 and now Dassault Rafale), Russian (MiG-21, 23, 25, 27, 29; Sukhoi-7, 30MKI) and Anglo-French (SEPECAT) Jaguar strike aircraft.

Though times have changed, there does not seem to be any sign of an imminent entry of US fighters into an Indian Air Force squadron service. And this must be what has been bothering the US President and his team. Of late, signs of desperation appear to have been be the reason behind “browbeating”  India: “Buy our equipment. Do not buy Iranian oil. Buy US-made fighters. Do not buy a Russian-made missile defence system. Or else…!” The superpower seems to be going overboard. But why?

A few years ago, the US Lockheed Martin F-16 could not make the grade through open competition between six bidders. And now suddenly the US wants the F-21, which is being touted as the successor of, and superior to, the F-16, to be bought by India! How? Through US “foreign military sales”  (FMS). Through, “government-to-government transaction” as is being done in the Middle East. Will it be fair on the part of the US to compel New Delhi to get a bad name? As it is, there is no end to the list of defence scandals in India. Why then is the US pressuring India by every means?

Seen in this background, the growing buzz and the media blitz over the Lockheed Martin F-21 being offered to India made this columnist turn the pages of the last 40 years of the annual edition of Jane’s All the World’s Aircraft to learn afresh the history of the appearance of this unseen and unknown fighter aircraft. As one had neither heard, nor seen any reference to this “state-of-the-art” fighter ever before — one thought that the very name F-21 may be an extremely lethal aerial platform — implying it as “the fighter of the 21st century”.

After almost four weeks, one found no reference of the F-21 in any aviation book. But then, if a mega-fighter aircraft contractor like Lockheed Martin makes a proposal for the Indian Air Force, there must be something in it. Else, Lockheed Martin may lose credibility and its customer base in an era of sluggish market demand and fierce competition amongst multiple manufacturers chasing a shrinking consumer base.

Coming back to the “actual” F-21! What exactly is it? Wherefrom has it been derived? How long will it take to fly, from “the drawing board to squadron service”? From whatever has trickled in thus far, the F-21 seems to be an offshoot of the single-engine F-16 multi-role fighter. “Tailor-made”, primarily, for exclusive Indian Air Force requirements and secondarily, to be exported by India, as Lockheed Martin has in mind shifting its entire production line and technological knowhow to India as a joint venture with a local company.

That all sounds like music to India's ears, no doubt. Nevertheless, it raises more questions than give any answers. In what way will the F-21, not a single prototype of which has been produced yet, be the ideal choice for the Indian Air Force? Is the choice of a fighter aircraft the sovereign right and decision of the Indian Air Force and the Government of India, or a foreign contractor's imposition?

Is not the Indian Air Force the sole institution responsible for specifying its own requirements, stipulate as to how it would operate its fighters; against what sort of adversaries and in what operational environments?

Not a single Air Force in the world is using the Lockheed Martin F-21 because it has not yet been produced. Hence, the puzzle: Where do we start from? From the F-16? But then, the F-21 is reportedly different from, and superior to, the F-16! Nevertheless, if the Indian Air Force is to choose the F-21 and nothing else, then the best option, at present, would be to scan through the specifications of the latest version of the F-16 — to at least have an idea.

But here again is the old dilemma. Did not the Indian Air Force reject the F-16 only the other day while selecting its medium multi-role combat aircraft, from amongst six bidders, including the US Boeing twin-engine F-18; the Russian twin-engine MiG-35; the Eurofighter twin-engine Typhoon; the French Dassault twin-engine Rafale and the Swedish single-engine Saab Gripen? So, what changed?

According to Jane’s All the World’s Aircraft 2018-2019: “4,588 F-16” fighters so far have been delivered to 24 users, included in which are the US Air Force and Navy, and the last F-16C (block 50) was reportedly delivered to Turkey in May 2011. Thus, eight years have passed for the F-16 without any sale/order.

Understandably, “in March 2017, it emerged that Lockheed Martin planned to cease manufacture of the F-16 at Fort Worth, Texas, in order to devote more resources to the (single-engine) F-35 Lightning II. The last F-16 to roll off the Fort Worth line in September 2017, whereupon the company will transfer equipment tooling to its plant at Greenville, South Carolina, which is to assume responsibility for the F-16.” — Jane’s 2018-19.

In other words, the F-16’s days are over. It’s got to be reborn. What better place for a rebirth than in India? If indeed Lockheed is serious about the F-21, then it should declare the broad improvements (without divulging its trade secrets and militarily sensitive info) for India to consider. As is well known, there are approximately 20 parameters to be looked at in an aircraft, and compared with the competing craft. These are: “type; programme; (past) users, if any; costs; design features; flying control; structure; landing gear; power plant; accommodation; systems; avionics; armament; dimensions (external); wings; areas; weights and loading; max take off weight; payload; performance; range; and radius of operation”. One can only hope that the F-21 clears this examination!

Lockheed Martin Deletes Claim That Its Rebranded F-21 Could Be A Path To Indian F-35s

Paolo Thaon di Revel Launched - YouTube

Varata nave Paolo Thaon di Revel - YouTube

June 15, 2019 (Google Translation) – Paolo Thaon di Revel , Grande Admiral and Duca del Mare (1859-1948), creator of the victory over the sea in the Great War, as well as convinced promoter of the interforce collaboration. A man of action, often at the forefront and, at the same time, a supporter and promoter of knowledge as a tool for creating the future. From today his name stands out on the side of the new unit of the Navy fleet: the first, and headmaster, of seven Multivalent Offshore Patrolmen , launched today, Saturday 15 June, at the Fincantieri plant in Muggiano, near La Spezia. Source:

PPA Class Multi-purpose Offshore Patrol Vessels: Details

Wednesday, 19 June 2019

Royal Thai Air Force Becomes First International Customer for T56 Engine Upgrade

RTAF C-130H-30 #60111 from 601 Sqn is seen departing from Bangkok Don Mueang International Airport sometime during September 2013. [Photo by Tomas Naprstek] Via

Royal Thai Air Force Becomes First International Customer for T56 Engine Upgrade | DOM Magazine

Rolls-Royce announces the Royal Thai Air Force as the first international customer to update its C-130H transport fleet with the Rolls-Royce T56 Series 3.5 engine upgrade. 

The technology upgrade has achieved considerable success with the U.S. Air Force C-130 and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) P-3 fleets. The Series 3.5 upgrade allows T56 engines to operate at greatly reduced temperatures, extending parts' life and improving reliability by 22 percent. It is available for installation on T56 engines powering either C-130 or P-3 legacy aircraft.

The Series 3.5 upgrade will help the Royal Thai Air Force to reduce operational costs due to reduced maintenance requirements and potential fuel savings exceeding 12 percent. It will also enable the fleet to remain in service until at least 2040.

Paul Craig, Rolls-Royce, president of Defence Services, says, “Rolls-Royce is pleased to secure the Royal Thai Air Force as our first international customer for the T56 Series 3.5 upgrade. The Series 3.5 package has already proven itself with the U.S. Air Force, and we are pleased that the Royal Thai Air Force will now be able to benefit from the improved fuel economy and enhanced performance and reliability that this upgrade offers.”

The first phase of the upgrade involves upgrading 20 engines from a total fleet of 58 engines over the next three years. The Series 3.5 technology, which is based on proven advances from other Rolls-Royce engines, can be added during regular overhauls to reduce cost and requires no changes to the aircraft or controls.

The Royal Thai Air Force selected Segers Aero Corporation in the U.S. to conduct the upgrade program following a competitive and comprehensive tender process. Segers Aero Corp is a Rolls-Royce Authorized Maintenance Center (AMC) and will be providing training, tooling, technical support, capability development and field-service support in conjunction with the engine-upgrade schedule.

RTAF C-130H #60108 take off from Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska on August 14, 2015. [USAF photo by Alejandro Pena] Via

Rolls-Royce T56 Series 3.5 engine upgrade

Rolls-Royce has delivered the first T56 Series 3.5 engine upgrade kits to the US Air Force as the service introduces the improvements to its C-130H transport fleet. The Series 3.5 engine upgrade kits are already demonstrating success in a Hurricane Hunter WP-3D aircraft of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with fuel savings exceeding 12% and improved range and payload capability. 

NOAA flight data also shows significantly lower turbine temperatures, improved high-altitude performance and much faster engine starts. USAF and US Air National Guard C-130Hs will begin receiving the T56 engine upgrades, starting with Air National Guard units in Wyoming and New York State. The Air Force has awarded a US$36m contract to launch the Series 3.5 upgrades into the fleet. The Series 3.5 upgrade, which was designed and funded by Rolls-Royce, allows T56 engines to operate at greatly reduced temperatures, extending parts life and improving reliability by 22%. The upgrades also provide improved “hot and high” performance. The Series 3.5 package can be installed on T56 engines on either C-130 or P-3 legacy aircraft. Source:

Omar Hayat Khan

Pentagon, Lockheed Martin Failed to Ensure Proper Parts for F-35

Pentagon, Lockheed Martin Failed to Ensure Proper Parts for F-35 - Government Executive: 

Watchdog questions adherence to contracts and performance incentives for Defense’s largest buy.

A major contractor and the Pentagon’s top management office came in for criticism from an inspector general for cutting corners in assuring that the massive joint-service F-35 stealth fighter is equipped with ready-for-issue parts.

In a report dated June 13, the Defense Department watchdog found that parts for the department’s largest acquisition—with an estimated $406 billion price tag and sales planned to foreign allies—were not being received according to the contracts and performance incentives.

The parts contracted for delivery by Lockheed Martin Corp. include wheel, seat, and window assemblies, said the audit addressed to the Defense secretary for acquisition, the Air Force secretary, the Air Force inspector general and the Defense Contract Management Agency. The federal contracting offices and the corporate teams working on the plane are supposed to ensure the sustaining parts are delivered “ready for aircraft maintenance personnel to install on the aircraft,” as well as have an Electronic Equipment Logbook assigned that spells out each part’s history and remaining life.

Too often, however, the parts arrived not ready in accordance with contracts and incentive fees on the sustainment contracts because of “inflated and unverified F‑35A aircraft availability hours. This occurred because the [Joint Program Office] did not conduct adequate oversight of contractor performance related to receiving F‑35 spare parts and aircraft availability hours,” the report said, calling the inflation of hours unintentional.

As a result, the department received non-ready spare parts and spent up to $303 million in labor costs since 2015, “and it will continue to pay up to $55 million annually” for such parts until a fix is made. In addition, the Defense Department has “potentially overpaid” $10.6 million in performance incentive fees by not independently collecting and verifying aircraft availability hours.

 “The lack of available [ready-for-issue] spare parts could result in the F‑35 fleet being unable to perform required operational and training missions,” the report warned.

The Joint Program Office was aware of the problem, auditors found during their review from June 2018 to April 2019, but did not resolve the issue or require the services to better track the non-compliant parts. Interviews with the Joint Program Office staff in Arlington, Va., DCMA administrative office in Lockheed Martin’s facility in Fort Worth, Texas, and Lockheed staff at three sites found, for example, that of 74 spare parts delivered to Hill Air Force Base in Utah from Sept. 17 and 30, 2018, 59 spare parts (80 percent) were non-ready for issue. Of the 263 spare parts delivered to Luke Air Force Base in Arizona in June 2018, 213 spare parts (81 percent) were non‑ready. And of 132 spare parts delivered to Marine Corps Air Station in Beaufort, S.C, in September 2017, 58 spare parts (44 percent) were non‑ready.

The IG recommended that the F-35 program executive officer improve oversight by coordinating with DCMA to pursue compensation from the contractor for the costs of mishandling the supply of spare parts since 2015. It also recommended that he direct the contracting officer to add clarifying language to future sustainment contracts, and task the lead contracting office with updating its Quality Assurance Surveillance Plan.

Navy Vice Adm. Mathias Winter, the program executive, agreed, stating that there is value added in tracking and using contractor performance data.

F35 to add these weapons Lockheed Martin pas 2019
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Supersonic speeds could cause big problems for the F-35′s stealth coating

Pentagon considers expanding F-35 sales to Turkey's neighbours | Ahval
Why the F-35 Isn't Ready for War
AFA Winter 2019: BAE Systems updates F-35 electronic warfare systems | Jane's 360

Embraer and ELTA to Create a New Market Segment with the Launch of the P600 AEW


Embraer and ELTA to Create a New Market Segment with the Launch of the P600 AEW

PARIS, June 18, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Embraer Defense & Security and ELTA Systems Ltd (ELTA), a subsidiary of Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), signed at the 53rd International Paris Air Show a Strategic Cooperation Agreement to introduce the P600 AEW (Airborne Early Warning). Designed to compete in a new segment of the AEW market, this next generation aircraft is based on the advanced super midsize platform of the Embraer Praetor 600 business jet. The primary sensor of the P600 AEW is the IAI/ELTA 4th generation Digital Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar with integrated IFF capabilities.

In this cooperation, Embraer Defense & Security is to provide the air platform, ground support, communications systems and aircraft integration while ELTA is to provide the AEW radar, SIGINT (Signals Intelligence) and other electronic systems and system integration.

The P600 AEW addresses the growing market of Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance capabilities for countries that require cost-effective, high performance and flexible solutions for defense and homeland security missions. The Embraer Praetor 600 is the best performing super-midsize bizjet in its category, offering intercontinental range with an outstanding payload capability, high availability and reliability, short turn-around and low life cycle costs. Coupled with ELTA's superior radar technology, the P600 AEW offers the benefits of cutting edge, proven systems and provides capabilities available until now only on much larger platforms.

The P600 AEW can provide an extended Air Situational Picture by monitoring aerial activity in areas outside ground radar coverage. It can perform various missions such as Air Defense, Early Warning, Command and Control, Fighter Fleet Efficiency, Territorial Defense, and Maritime Surveillance. Also, the P600 AEW can be configured with the full range of AEW&C sensor and control systems, including; 4th generation Digital AESA AEW Radar, civil and military IFF, ESM/ELINT with Radar Warning Receiver capability, Command & Control, comprehensive communication suite including Data Networks and Satellite Links, and a robust Self Protection Suite (SPS).

A comprehensive communications suite allows for data link capability as well as satellite communication for operations beyond the line of sight data link. It also secures interoperability with allied forces. Network centric warfare (NCW) capability transforms the P600 AEW into a member of a tactical network. An advanced self-protection system (SPS) performs the detection of potential threats activating any required electronic support measures.

"This aircraft delivers superior performance and flexibility that translates into the greatest value proposition in its category", said Jackson Schneider, President & CEO Embraer Defense & Security. "It can be easily configured to match the customer needs and it can perform a wide variety of missions in a very efficient and cost-effective way". 

"As part of IAI's new strategy, we are ramping up our collaborations with global business entities, leveraging the know-how and technology accumulated over decades of aerospace and defense operations. As the pioneers of the bizjet AEW, ELTA Systems has made large strides over the years towards offering cost effective AEW capabilities for the growing and changing global needs", said Yoav Tourgeman, ELTA President & IAI Executive VP. "Our partnership, forged with Embraer Defense & Security, enables us to introduce a new market segment by offering a cost effective midsize bizjet AEW system". 

CAEW Conformal Airborne Early Warning Aircraft – G550 airframe: Details

German Navy commissions lead F125 frigate Baden-Württemberg


German Navy commissions lead F125 frigate Baden-Württemberg | Naval Today

FGS Baden-Württemberg, the lead ship of the German Navy’s new F125 class frigates, officially entered service in a ceremony on June 17.

The 149,6-meter ship was commissioned in attendance of German defense minister Ursula von der Leyen, who arrived in Wilhelmshaven just hours after unveiling the next-generation fighter aircraft that will be developed as part of the Franco-German-Spanish project at the Paris Air Show in France.

FGS Baden-Württemberg was commissioned eight years after thyssenkrupp Marine Systems (TKMS) was selected as prime contractor for the delivery of four 7000-ton frigates that would replace the eight Bremen-class frigates currently in service with the German Navy.

According to TKMS, the second ship in the class, the Nordrhein-Westfalen, will be ready for delivery this year. The final two ships are planned to be delivered within the next 2 years.

The frigates are armed with Harpoon and RAM missiles, a 127 mm Oto Melara gun which is capable of firing the Vulcano guided ammunition for land attacks, two 27 mm and five 12.7 mm guns. They will have a core crew of 120, with an additional 70 personnel for specific missions.

By the end of the decade, the four ships will be operated by a total of eight crews with a total of 120 personnel each. The navy refers to this as the multiple-crew model where the eight crews will be operating as a closed team on a rotation principle.

The frigates will run on the so-called combined diesel-electric and gas (CODLAG) propulsion system. The system essentially consists of electric motors that will draw power from diesel generators. The new ships will carry four deployable boats and have two container spots on the middle deck.

The ARGE F125 consortium which is responsible for the delivery of ships comprises thyssenkrupp Marine Systems as the lead company and Lürssen Werft in Bremen.

The delivery process was not without complications, however, as the Baden-Württemberg had to be returned to the builder following delivery for rectification work that took over a year to complete.

F224 Sachsen-Anhalt Begins Sea Trials
German Navy experiences “LCS syndrome” in spades as new frigate fails sea trials
German defense procurement agency BAAINBw has reportedly returned FGS Baden-Württemberg F125 frigates to Blohm+Voss shipyard
Germany's new frigates are overweight and float with a persistent list to starboard
German Navy's Third F125 Frigate Christened

F125 Baden-Württemberg Class Frigate: Details

Tuesday, 18 June 2019