Дальнобойные «Кинжалы» | Еженедельник «Военно-промышленный курьер»: - Translated by google - On the destruction of the INF Treaty, Russia will respond with surgical precision
Ivanov Pavel - February 25, 2019
The United States has suspended participation in the Treaty on the Prohibition of Medium and Short Range Missiles Russian President Vladimir Putin has announced countermeasures: the creation of new weapons systems, the redistribution of targets in the territories of NATO countries and the United States. Speaking with a message to the Federal Assembly, the head of state called it possible to strike at the decision-making centers.
The actions of the United States and Russia's response are actively discussed in the media and various experts. But so far it is not completely clear how the Russian side will technically respond to the destruction of the INF.
Yes, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu has already set the task of starting the development of new weapon systems. In particular, to transfer to the land cruise missiles "Caliber".
Which compounds will include new missile systems? What combat tasks, besides hitting the decision-making centers, will they perform?
Not "Zircon", but "Dagger"
According to the letter of the INF Treaty and Russia, and the United States is forbidden to develop ground-based ballistic and cruise missiles with a firing range of 500 to five thousand kilometers. Therefore, when Moscow announced retaliatory measures, the experts talked specifically about ground-based missile complexes. Meanwhile, the Russian military-political leadership plans to develop a rather complicated system that can ensure reliable and quick defeat of the enemy’s critical targets: military airfields, those decision-making centers, and other facilities. Its structure will include both land, and air, and sea components.
Last year, the world learned about Avangard, Dagger, Poseidon and Peresvet. Today, Vladimir Putin, during a speech to parliamentarians, spoke about the hypersonic anti-ship rocket Zircon, capable of destroying not only ships, but also ground targets. In addition, the head of state announced the active construction of ships in the far sea zone.
The Russian president also noted that the troops are actively developing the airborne missile system "Dagger". A little later, the Ministry of Defense issued an official message. According to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation over the past year, the MiG-31 with Daggers repeatedly performed patrols in the Caspian and Black Seas. During combat training launches, "Daggers" in difficult weather conditions hit targets the size of a passenger car.
Earlier, the head of state set the task for the Secretary of Defense to develop new weapons systems, which should be Russia's response to US actions. As Sergey Shoigu later stated at the meeting, two directions were identified: the land version of the Simbrodzhsky SMC, as well as the creation and adoption of some new hypersonic missile. Journalists were quick to write with reference to unnamed sources that it would be “Zircon”. But at the conference call on February 5, Sergei Shoigu noted: “The use of sea-based and air-launched missiles in ground-based performance will significantly reduce the time to manufacture new missile weapons and the amount of their funding.
So with high probability we are talking about the ground version of the Dagger rocket. And this is nothing fantastic. It can be assumed that at one time it was the INFMT that made it create such a complex bundle: a supersonic carrier aircraft, which accelerates the airballistic missile. Now the place of the aircraft will take boosters.
What is the result? The new Russian defeat system will have three components. Marine - submarines and ships with hypersonic rockets "Zircon", air - complex "Dagger", ground - KR "Caliber" and a new hypersonic missile.
The main striking force of the new system will traditionally be ground complexes. Many experts idealize land-based cruise missiles. Yes, in the 80s they posed a serious threat. Their main goals are stationary objects (headquarters, command posts, warehouses), as well as airfields, positions of radio engineering troops and long-range anti-aircraft missile systems. But in 30 years, the Kyrgyz Republic has already lost the aura of invincibility. As the experience of Israeli airstrikes on Syria shows, with the presence of modern radars and Pantsir complexes, it is quite possible to fight off cruise missiles with minimal losses. To guarantee the decommissioning of an airfield that is not covered by air defense, at least a hundred KR will be required. This was proved by a strike by the US Navy on the Shairat airbase in the spring of 2017 ( “Tomahawks” to the Russian army ”). The object was not covered by the "shell". But even after hitting a few dozen Tomahawks from the airfield, the Syrian airplanes continued to take off a day later.
The present-day conflict of developed countries is a fast-flowing collision with instant fire damage. Therefore, all the percussion means must act in a single plan and hit the most important targets on the battlefield. It is foolish to think that valuable cruise missiles will be used on industrial and social objects - this is not the First or Second World War. The duration of the continuation of a possible conflict in Europe is only a few days, and there is simply no time for the destruction of the enemy’s infrastructure.
An important point that hinders the active use of ground-based KR is their speed. To hit a target at a distance of 4500–5000 kilometers, a rocket takes five to six hours.
Therefore, a more promising is a new land-based hypersonic rocket, which provides for hitting targets in minutes. Given the design features and flight mode, it can be assumed that a strike on the target of one such missile will be much more destructive than a missile strike. It is quite reasonable to assume that the Russian designers will go along the beaten track: a universal missile system will be created, similar to the Iskander-M, which can use both hypersonic and cruise missiles.
Will new Iskander complexes be replaced? Most likely not, both complexes will exist, but at different levels. "Iskander" will remain in the army brigades, and the new long-range complexes will be consolidated into rocket brigades of the district (front) subordination.
The two main problems of the new long-range missile system (DRC) are the cost of the missiles and intelligence information for precise target destruction. The general army does not have reconnaissance means for self-detection of targets at ranges over 500 kilometers. Of course, such data can be transferred to the higher command. But the army commander must fight in the zone of his association. So, rocket complexes should hit targets mainly in a radius of 100 to 500 kilometers. In this case, the use of the DRC is equivalent to driving the nails with a microscope.
What tasks can solve the front-line missile brigades of the DRC? First of all, the defeat of airfields and arsenals with precision weapons. Secondly, control points, staffs. Thirdly, offshore facilities - ports and transshipment terminals.
The combat work of the DRC brigades will be difficult. These are numerous launches, long marches, reloading of launchers and new missile strikes. We must not forget that for the enemy such compounds will become the main goal.
The main task of the naval component of the new defeat system was described by Vladimir Putin - a blow to the decision-making centers. The main advantage of ships and submarines is the ability to secretly approach the shores of the enemy and deliver a decisive blow. Unfortunately, ground-based missile brigades are deprived of this opportunity. Each such military unit is several dozen heavy launchers, as well as auxiliary road transport. Tracking the ground-based missile brigade in the light of modern means of air and space reconnaissance is easy. Moreover, the locations of military units in peacetime are well known.
In American military science, there is the term "interruption of the decision-making cycle." This is a blow with fire weapons on control points and communication systems, which does not allow the enemy to make a decision on the battle in time. Russian submarines with hypersonic zircon missiles are best suited for such tasks. For example, the submarines of the project "Ash" will be able to deliver a sudden attack on command centers and communications centers in the United States or in NATO countries during the period of danger. Such a step can prevent the development of a conflict or provide a serious advantage to the Russian side.
At the same time come into effect other means. For example, the ground-based missile brigades of the DRC, which will also hit the command posts or communications centers, will begin combat work. As a result, the enemy will lose the ability to resist.
The aviation component of the new system is likely to become a means of qualitatively strengthening the rocket group. MiG-31K squadrons can be quickly deployed in any region of Russia and even the world. Neither land nor sea missile men can boast of such efficiency.
Depending on the current mission, airplanes with the Dagger complex will be able to destroy enemy airfields and arsenals or hit its command posts.
The main thing is that the new Russian global defeat system is not a means of aggression, but vice versa. It is effective precisely as a means of preventing a possible war. After all, a quick surgical rocket attack can stop even the hottest heads from the possible continuation of the conflict, including with the use of nuclear weapons.
Published in issue number 7 (770) for February 26, 2019
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