Friday, 6 September 2019

The new version of the 3M22 hypersonic missile. Surprises for supporters of US withdrawal from the INF Treaty

Alexandr Vihorev

Новая версия гиперзвуковой ракеты 3М22. Сюрпризы для сторонников выхода США из договора о РСМД » Военное обозрение

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The information voiced by competent sources in the Russian Ministry of Defense and the KTRV headquarters regarding the timing of operational operational readiness by the 3M22 Zircon hypersonic anti-ship missile was not a pleasant surprise for patriotic experts and observers dedicated to the technical and operational-tactical subtleties of using modern western naval anti-aircraft missile systems. And there is nothing surprising in this, because even in the case of the successful completion of the final stages of state tests, we are talking only about 2023-2025, while the large-scale production of the most effective ship highly maneuverable RIM-162 ESSM Block II, which poses a serious threat to anti-ship missiles Onyx and 3M54E Caliber will begin in the last quarter of 2019.

Delay in the implementation of the project hypersonic RCC 3M22 "Zircon" is a natural phenomenon

The Tactical Missile Weapons Corporation (KTRV) in general, and the NPO Mashinostroeniya in particular, are not pioneers in the design of hypersonic ramjet engines for promising 5-7-fly air attack weapons. As a result of this, the observed slippage in the development and implementation of critical scramjet assemblies (including a rectangular mixed-air intake, a computerized system for supplying a gas generator to the combustion chamber, etc.) is quite expected and normal in the development of the RCC 3M22 Zircon project. Moreover, in the history of the design of hypersonic means of precision weaponsthere are much less successful examples. One of them is the fairly protracted development program of the promising hypersonic cruise missile X-51A Waverider, which was announced by the Pentagon and the headquarters of Boeing Corporation in the mid-2000s. within the ambitious operational and strategic concept of BSU (“Fast Global Strike”, “Prompt Global Strike”).

Despite some success achieved during several flight tests of the first prototypes of the X-51A, Boeing and the US Air Force Research Laboratory, NASA and DARPA agencies, as well as Pratt & Whitney, were unable to eliminate everything. " childhood diseases of this hypersonic aircraft (GZLA), including the inability of the emf and the aerodynamic rudders to eliminate the unstable behavior of the rocket in the pitch and yaw planes at speeds of more than 4.8-5M, as well as the design flaws of hypersonic ramjet SJY-61. As a result, the project, which was spread in the Western media space, was not able to reach the proper technological level, which allows us to begin the stage of large-scale production. The prototypes of the “Wave riders” have remained in the rank of hypersonic flying laboratories,

The presence of a hypersonic ramjet engine will allow the new Zircon modification to finally fend off the missile potential of the Patriot PAC-3MSE and SAMP-T systems

What is even more remarkable, in addition to the publication of information on the postponement of the completion of state tests of the anti-ship Zircon for 2023, informed sources in the defense department and KTRV announced the development of an additional modification 3M22, adapted to work on stationary and mobile ground targets (when used as with underwater , surface and air carriers, and from mobile ground launchers). This is worth dwelling in more detail.

It is quite obvious that gaining operational readiness with this “tool” will radically change the balance of forces at the European theater of operations and will allow you to instantly fend off the potential of the promising American Deep Strike Detachment, ready to be put into service in the foreseeable future. Unlike the 9M723-1 Iskander-M operational-tactical ballistic missiles that were armed with standard 9X820 solid propellant rocket engines and noticeably losing speed on the descending branch of the trajectory when performing anti-aircraft maneuvers, the new Zircon version with hypersonic ramjet can maintain speed at the level of 4.5-6M both on the marching and on the terminal portion of the trajectory (in dense layers of the stratosphere and troposphere).

The implementation of this quality will be available due to the presence of a system for regulating the supply of a gas generator to the engine’s combustion chamber, which ensures maximum scramjet thrust on approach to the target, and, consequently, higher available overloads (35-40 units) during missile defense maneuvers. Conventional solid fuel ballistic missiles of short and medium range do not have this ability. As a result of this, the Zircon modification will become a tough nut for the most advanced highly maneuverable missile defense systems MIM-104F PAC-3MSE and Aster-30 Block 1NT, which were included in the ammunition of the American Patriot PAC-3 systems and the French SAMP-T air defense systems in the ground . This step can be considered a fundamental countermeasure of Moscow in response to the total blackmail of Brussels and Washington by the INF Treaty.


Russia State TV Boasts New Hypersonic ‘Zircon’ Missile Will Turn U.S. Defense ‘To Dust,’ Flies At 6,000 MPH

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